top of page

What do the words ahen, hadid or temir mean? Where did they come to our language?

Ahen cloud

Iron is the most common element on Earth by mass, ranking just ahead of oxygen (32.1% and 30.1% respectively), making up most of the Earth's outer and inner core.

It is thought that the iron-dense inner core, which is thought to affect the magnetic field of our Earth, is found together with iron-nickel alloys.

We can understand its importance for us from here: the body of an adult human contains approximately 4 grams (0.005% of body weight) of iron, mostly in hemoglobin and myoglobin. Its deficiency causes many health problems.

Today, rather than providing technical information, I would like to share the names of iron, the main component of steel, the most used engineering material, in this geography.

While the words "temur, timur, temir" used in the Central Asian Turks came to Anatolia and took the name iron, they inevitably had other uses with the influence of other stakeholders of the geography.

For example Ahen or âhen (Persian ĀHAN ) This iron synonym, which came to our language from Persian, found many different uses, especially during the Ottoman period. It has become a prefix in our language that creates compound adjectives by adding the meaning of "hardness, rigidity" to the words it precedes.

Ahendest : strong-handed like iron, ahendil : ruthless, ahenten : solid-bodied like iron, ahencan : iron-living, hard-hearted. Apart from these uses, Ahen is also used as a male name on its own.

Iron casting
Iron alloys, which have been used throughout the ages, are still the most important engineering materials today.

Hadid is a synonym for iron that Arabic brought to us. Hadid is an adjective derived from anger. It also has the meanings of angry, violent, angry and sharp. I came across this word on a road sign for the first time in my life while visiting Kastamonu Küre Mountains National Park . The sign said Eflani Demirli (Küre-i Hadid) Village Mosque. When I researched it, I learned that it means iron.

It is one of the important architectural works in Anatolia that has survived from the Candaroğulları period, with wooden supports and ceilings, reflecting the characteristics of the period. Today, it is located within the borders of Demirli Village of Eflani district of Karabük province. This 570-year-old mosque is worth seeing.

I didn't have the chance to see it, but there is also a Hadid village in the Botan Valley National Park in Siirt.

Hesin means iron in Kurdish. Although I could not obtain much detail about this usage, I learned that it was used in the names of a few old villages in Southeastern Anatolia. Hesin is also used as a male name.

Words synonymous with iron , which sometimes appear as a male name, sometimes as an adjective, and sometimes as a village name, actually reveal how important this element is to us.

0 views0 comments

Recent Posts

See All


bottom of page